Flintlock

 Recent news about Flintlock

 Flintlock's See also

  • Matchlock
  • Wheellock
  • Caplock
  • Snaplock
  • Snaphance
  • Miquelet
  • Doglock
  • Blunderbuss
  • Queen Anne pistol
  • Boyer Rifle
  • Hand cannon
  • Dane gun

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 Flintlock's Notes

  1. ^"Pistols: An Illustrated History of Their Impact" by Jeff Kinard . Published by ABC-CLIO, 2004
  2. ^Flayderman, 1998
  3. ^Flayderman, 1998
  4. ^Lynn, John A. Giant of the Grand Siècle: The French Army, 1610-1715. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. Print.
  5. ^Jomini, Antoine Henri. The Art of War. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1971. Print.
  6. ^"What about the rifle?", Popular Science, September 1941
  7. ^"American Rifle: A Treatise, a Text Book, and a Book of Practical Information in the Use of the Rifle" By Townsend Whelen, Publisher: Paladin Press (July 2006)
  8. ^Dennis E. Showalter, William J. Astore,Soldiers' lives through history: Volume 3: The early modern world, p.65, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007 ISBN 0-313-33312-2 .
  9. ^Mortimer multishot pistol
  10. ^Flintlock revolvers
  11. ^"Elements of military art and history" By Edouard La Barre Duparcq, Nicolas Édouard Delabarre-Duparcq, 1863
  12. ^Day of Concord and Lexington (French, 1925) p. 25 note 1. See also pp. 27-36.
  13. ^Flayderman, 1998

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 Flintlock's History

An English gentleman circa 1750 with his flintlock muzzle-loading sporting rifle.

However, firearms using some form of flint ignition mechanism had already been in use for over half a century. The development of firearm lock mechanisms had proceeded from the matchlock to wheellock to the earlier flintlocks ( snaplock , snaphance , miquelet , and doglock ) in the previous two centuries, and each type had been an improvement, contributing design features to later firearms which were useful. Le Bourgeoys fitted these various features together to create what became known astheflintlock ortrueflintlock.

The new flintlock system quickly became popular, and was known and used in various forms throughout Europe by 1630, although older flintlock systems continued to be used for some time. Examples of early flintlock muskets can be seen in the painting "Marie de' Medici as Bellona" by Rubens (painted around 1622-25).

Various breech-loading flintlocks were developed starting around 1650. The most popular action has a barrel which was unscrewed from the rest of the gun. Obviously this is more practical on pistols because of the shorter barrel length. This type is known as a Queen Anne pistol because it was during her reign that it became popular (although it was actually introduced in the reign of King William III ). Another type has a removable screw plug set into the side or top or bottom of the barrel. A large number of sporting rifles were made with this system, as it allowed easier loading compared with muzzle loading with a tight fitting bullet and patch.

It was issued to the U.S Army as the Model 1819 Hall Breech Loading Rifle .

The Hall rifles and carbines were loaded using a combustible paper cartridge inserted into the upward tilting breechblock. Hall rifles leaked gas from the often poorly fitted action. The same problem affected the muskets produced by Giuseppe Crespi and adopted by the Austrian Army in 1771. Nonetheless, the Crespi System was experimented with by the British during the Napoleonic Wars , and percussion Halls guns saw service in the American Civil War .

Flintlock weapons were commonly used until the mid 19th century, when they were replaced by percussion lock systems. Even though they have long been considered obsolete, flintlock weapons continue to be produced today by manufacturers such as Pedersoli, Euroarms, and Armi Sport. Not only are these weapons used by modern re-enactors, but they are also used for hunting, as many U.S. states have dedicated hunting seasons for black-powder weapons, which includes both flintlock and percussion lock weapons.

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 Flintlock's Bibliography

  • Flayderman's Guide to Antique Firearms and Their Values7th Edition, by Norm Flayderman 1998 Krause Publications ISBN 0-87349-313-3 , ISBN 978-0-87349-313-0
  • Blackmore, Howard L., Guns and Rifles of the World. Viking Press, New York, 1965
  • Blair, Claude, Pistols of the World. Viking Press, New York, 1968
  • Lenk, Torsten, The Flintlock: its origin and development, translation by Urquhart, G.A., edited by Hayward, J.F. Bramwell House, New York 1965

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 Flintlock's Cultural impact

although obsolete flintlocks were seeing action in the earliest days of the American Civil War , for example, in 1861, the Army of Tennessee had over 2,000 flintlock muskets in service.

As a result of the flintlock's long active life, it has left lasting marks on the language and on drill and parade . Terms such as: " lock, stock and barrel ", " going off half-cocked " and " flash in the pan " remain current in the English language . In addition, the weapon positions and drill commands that were originally devised to standardize carrying, loading and firing a flintlock weapon remain the standard for drill and display (see manual of arms ).

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