Kim Yu Na

김연아,金姸兒, kimjʌna

Kim Yuna( Hangul :김연아, Hanja :金姸兒,IPA: [kimjʌna]; born September 5, 1990) is a South Korean figure skater . She is the 2010 Olympic champion in ladies' singles, the 2009 , 2013 World champion, the 2009 Four Continents champion , a three-time (2006–2007, 2007–2008, 2009–2010) Grand Prix Final champion , the 2006 World Junior champion , the 2005 Junior Grand Prix Final champion , and a six-time (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2013, 2014) South Korean national champion .Kim is the first South Korean figure skater to win a medal at an ISU Junior or Senior Grand Prix event, ISU Championship, and the Olympic Games. She is the first female skater to win the Olympic Games, the World Championships, the Four Continents Championships and the Grand Prix Final. She is one of the most highly recognized athletes and media figures in South Korea.She is the current record holder for ladies in the short program ,the free skatingand the combined totalunder the ISU Judging System . She has broken world record scores 11 timesunder the ISU Judging System since 2007, eight of which being records she herself set. She is also the first female skater to surpass the 140-point and 150-point free skating markand the 200-point total markunder the ISU Judging System. She has not finished any lower than third place in her entire career.

 Recent news about Kim Yu Na

  • by ifrit  -  August 4, 2016 08:50 AM

    allkpop's Top 50 K-Pop Songs of 2012: 11-20

    From an over-abundance of debuts to a handful of career-defining comebacks, 2012 has been a big year for K-Pop. But what were the best, most important songs of 2012? Here atallkpop, we're trying to answer that question with our 'Top 50 K-Pop Songs of 2012'!We combed through this year's many, many re…

  • by ifrit  -  August 4, 2016 08:41 AM

    Psy chosen as the #1 CF model for 2012

    Psywas selected as the #1 CF model of the year.TheKorea Broadcast Advertising Corp (KOBACO)released the results of their 2012 survey where they asked consumers to choose the CF model they liked the most.Psy topped the survey by receiving 11.8% of the votes and he was followed closely byLee Seung Giw…

  • by ifrit  -  August 4, 2016 06:50 AM

    CNBLUE and Kim Yuna team up as endorsement models for sportswear brand 'Prospecs…

    CNBLUEand figure skaterKim Yunawill be endorsing sportswear brand 'Prospecs W' together!FNC Entertainmentconfirmed,"CNBLUE became 'Prospecs W' endorsement models with Kim Yuna."This is quite a joyous event for Yonghwa, who previously confessed that his ideal type is Kim Yuna! He share…

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 Kim Yu Na's Personal life

She currently trains in Seoul, South Korea.

From the 2010–2011 season, her name was registered as 'Yuna Kim' at her ISU profile.

Her Confirmation name is Stella from "Stella Maris" in Latin, meaning Our Lady, Star of the Sea an ancient title of The Blessed Virgin Mary . She makes the Sign of the Cross and wears a rosary ring during competitions.

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 Kim Yu Na's Career

Early careeredit

Describing training conditions for competitive figure skaters, Kim said:

"During my early skating years, there were not many ice rinks in Korea and even the few rinks that existed, most of them were public. Even now, when athletes want to practice, they have to use the rink very early [in the] morning or late at night. Also, as there aren't enough ice rinks to facilitate all the figure skating teams, skaters often have to train in different rinks from day to day. Furthermore, as most rinks are too cold, there is always high possibility of injury."

A year later, at age 12, she won the senior title at the South Korean Championships , becoming the youngest skater ever to win that title. She won her second international competition at the Golden Bear of Zagreb , a novice competition.She continued her reign as the South Korean champion in 2004.

Junior careeredit

2004–2005 seasonedit

In the 2004–2005 season, Kim competed as a junior at the ISU Junior Grand Prix . She won a silver medal at the event in China and a gold medal at the event in Hungary. She won a silver medal at the 2004–2005 Junior Grand Prix Final with an overall score of 137.75 points.

She retained her National Championship title for the third year in a row on her way to the 2005 World Junior Championships . At that competition, she won a silver medal earning 158.93 points and landed her first triple-triple combination jump in the free skating.

2005–2006 seasonedit

For the 2005–2006 season, Kim was not old enough to compete at the 2006 Olympics , instead, she competed in the 2005–2006 Junior Grand Prix and won both of her competitions in Bulgaria and Slovakia . At the 2005–2006 Junior Grand Prix Final , she won the competition 28.34 points ahead of silver medalist Aki Sawada . During her free skate, she landed seven triple jumps, including a triple flip – triple toe loop combination and a double axel – triple toe loop combination.

Kim won her fourth senior national title. At the 2006 World Junior Championships , she won the gold medal scoring 177.54 points overall, with a 24.19-point margin of victory over silver medalist Mao Asada .

Senior careeredit

2006–2007 seasonedit

Kim performing her free skate to The Lark Ascending at the 2006 Skate Canada .

Kim made her senior international debut at 2006 Skate Canada where she won a bronze medal after being placed first at the short program and fourth in the free skate program with a total overall score of 168.48 points.

At the 2006 Trophée Eric Bompard , Kim received a score of 65.22 in the short program and 119.32 in the free skate, placing first both of them and won the event with 184.54 points, 10.10 points ahead of silver medalist Miki Ando . Those performances qualified Kim for the Grand Prix Final for the first time.

At the 2006 Grand Prix Final in Saint Petersburg , Russia, Kim placed third in the short program with 65.06 points and first in the free skating with 119.14. She won the Grand Prix Final earning 184.20 points, by a margin of 11.68 ahead over silver medalist Mao Asada.

4~L5) .

She placed fourth in the long program earning 114.19 points, and finished third overall with 186.14 points, behind Japanese skaters Miki Ando and Mao Asada. Kim's placement qualified South Korea two ladies entries for the 2008 World Figure Skating Championships .

2007–2008 seasonedit

Kim was assigned to the 2007 Cup of China and the 2007 Cup of Russia Grand Prix for the 2007–2008 ISU Grand Prix season.

Kim started off the 2007–2008 season winning the 2007 Cup of China with a total score of 180.68 points, which was 24.34 ahead of silver medalist Caroline Zhang . She landed a triple flip -single toe loop combination, a triple Lutz, a double Axel and placed 3rd in the short program. But the next day, she hit a triple flip-triple toe loop combination, a triple loop , triple lutz -double toe loop combination, double axel -triple toe loop combination, a single lutz, a triple salchow , a double axel and three level-four spins to score 122.36 points in the free skating.

Kim qualified for the 2007–2008 Grand Prix Final in Turin , Italy. She won the short program with 64.62 points and was placed second in the free skate earning 132.21. With a total score of 196.83 points, Kim won her second Grand Prix Final .

Kim did not compete at the 2008 Korean National Championships and the 2008 Four Continents Championships due to a hip injury.

She was placed fifth in the short program with 59.85 points, but rebounded in the free skate to win the program with 123.38. She scored 183.23 points overall, winning her second consecutive bronze medal at the World Championships.

2008–2009 seasonedit

Kim performing her short program to Danse Macabre at the 2009 World Championships .

Kim was assigned to the 2008 Skate America and the 2008 Cup of China Grand Prix for the 2008–2009 ISU Grand Prix season.

She went on to capture the ladies title by winning the free skate as well with a score of 123.95. She won the event earning 193.45 points overall, a score that was more than 20 points ahead of silver medalist Yukari Nakano of Japan.

Her success continued at the 2008 Cup of China , where she received a score of 63.64 in the short program and 128.11 in the free skate, placing first in both of them. The combined total of 191.75 was nearly 21 points ahead of silver medalist Miki Ando of Japan. Her performance qualified her for a spot in the Grand Prix Final.

During the 2008–2009 Grand Prix Final , which was held in Goyang , South Korea , she was placed first in the short program with 65.94 points and second in the free skate where she earned 120.41 points. She won silver medal with a total score of 186.35 points, 2.20 behind Mao Asada of Japan.

She scored 116.83 in the free skating program, keeping the lead with 189.07 points overall and winning the gold medal.

Kim was the only female skater whose Figure skating combination was recognized by the judges in both the short and free programs during the 2008–2009 season.

2009–2010 seasonedit

Kim performing her short program to the 007 James Bond Medley at the 2009 Trophée Eric Bompard .

Kim was assigned to the 2009 Trophée Eric Bompard and the 2009 Skate America in the 2009–2010 ISU Grand Prix season.

the highest ever given for jumps by the ISU in ladies' figure skating. She placed second in the free skate with the score of 111.70 points, due to mistakes in her jumps. Although it was one of her lowest scores, she still won the event with 187.98 points, beating silver medalist Rachael Flatt with a lead of 13.07. At the competition, she set a new world record again for the short program under the ISU Judging System.

Her victories in both Grand Prix events qualified her for the 2009–2010 Grand Prix Final in Tokyo, Japan, in December 2009. At the event, she placed second in the short program with 65.64 points, 0.56 behind Miki Ando. The next day, she won the free skate with 123.22 points. As a result, Kim won her 3rd Grand Prix Final title with a total of 188.86 points.

In February 2010, Kim competed in the ladies event at the 2010 Winter Olympic Games , where she captured Olympic gold.

Kim placed seventh in the short program with 60.30 points. She opened with a triple lutz – triple toe loop combination, but had problems with her layback spin and spiral sequence. She rebounded in the free skate to win the program with 130.49 points completing a triple lutz – triple toe loop combination, a triple flip , a double axel – double toe loop – double loop combination, a double axel – triple toe loop combination and a triple lutz , but having trouble with her triple salchow and double axel . She won the silver medal totalling 190.79 points.

2010 Winter Olympicsedit
Kim at the 2010 Winter Olympics medal ceremony

Overall, Kim totaled 228.56 points, shattering her personal best and own old world record by a margin of 18 points.She won the gold medal, becoming the first South Korean skater to medal in any discipline of figure skating at the Olympic Games. She also set a new Olympic record. Kim's gold medal was South Korea's first medal at the Winter Olympics in a sport other than speed skating or short track .

and Hillary Clintonpraised Kim's Olympic performance.

2010–2011 and 2011–2012 seasonsedit

Kim performing her free skate to "Homage to Korea" at the 2011 World Championships .

Soon after, Kim left the rink where she had trained with Orser to train at the East West Ice Palace in Los Angeles owned by Michelle Kwan and Kwan's family.On October 5, 2010, Peter Oppegard was announced as Kim's coach.

In May 2011, Kim told Around the Rings that bringing the Winter Olympics to PyeongChang would be an inspiration to young athletes in Korea.

2012–2013 seasonedit

However, Kim was not invited to skate on the 2012–2013 Grand Prix circuit so she decided to participate in minor events to score enough technical points to qualify for the 2013 World Championships .

Kim performing her free skate to Les Misérables at the 2013 World Championships .

Kim placed first in the short program with a score of 72.27 points and also won the free skate with 129.34 to claim the gold medal. With the requirements met, Kim's agency said she would focus on Korean nationals and the World Championships.

In January 2013 due to her lack of competition in the previous season, Kim had to compete in the 2013 South Korean Championships to pick herself a spot for the 2013 World Championships. She placed first in the short program with a score of 64.97 points despite having some problems in that segment of the competition. She also won the free skate totaling 145.80 after performing a clean program where she executed a triple lutz – triple toe loop combination, a triple flip , a triple salchow , a triple lutz , a double axel – double toe loop – double loop combination, a triple salchow – double toe loop combination and a double axel . Her total score of 210.77 points was 48.89 ahead of silver medalist Park So-Youn . As a result Kim won her fifth national title and thus qualified to compete in the World Championships.

Totaling 218.31 points overall Kim claimed her second world title, surpassing the rest of the competitors by 20.42 points, which was the largest difference between gold and silver in the nine years the ISU Judging System had been used in the World Championships.

2013–2014 seasonedit

Read more

 Kim Yu Na's Skating technique

Kim performs a bent-layover spin during practice at the 2008–2009 Grand Prix Final .

When she was 14 years old, she landed her first triple-triple combination jump at the 2005 World Junior Championships .

and she has also received +2.00 grade of execution for her spiral sequence ,steps sequenceand spins .

Another signature move of hers is a layback Ina Bauer that she leads directly into a double axel jump, to a double axel – triple toe loop jump combination or to a double axel – double toe loop – double loop jump combination.

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 Kim Yu Na's Public life and endorsements

Kim performs her exhibition to Méditation at the 2010 All That Skate LA .

Her skating music and other favorites were compiled in the albumYuna Kim ~ Fairy on ICE ~ Skating Music( Universal Music Korea, 2008).

All That Skate.

magazine named Kim, along with American snowboarder Shaun White , as the top-earning athletes participating in the Olympics with $7.5 million each to their name.In August 2010,Forbesmagazine listed her as one of the highest-paid female athletes in the world, with annual earnings of $9.7 million.

She also sang with Korean band Big Bang on the single "Shouts of Reds" created for the Korean World Cup soccer team. Kim has also performed songs by Korean pop singers Taeyeon from Girls' Generation , IU , Narsha and BoA on the television showKim Jung Eun's Chocolate.

Kim at the 2010 Time 100 Gala

She was also named an ambassador for the 2010 G-20 Seoul summit alongside actress Han Hyo Joo and soccer player representative Park Ji-Sung .

In addition to this book, she also wrote a book calledLike Kim Yuna, published on March 30, 2010. This book targets younger readers.

In October 2011, Kim was appointed a member of the Executive Committee of the 2018 PyeongChang Olympic Winter Games Organising Committee.

in SBS'sGood Sunday. The program portrayed the challenging process of ten popular entertainers as they learned how to figure skate from professional skaters. The ten stars included comedian Kim Byung-man , singer U-Know of TVXQ , Krystal of f(x) , IU , Son Dam-bi , actors Park Jun-geum , Seo Ji-suk , Lee Ah-hyun , Jin Ji-hee and speed skater Lee Kyou-hyuk .The winner of the show was Krystal of f(x) and her partner Lee Dong-hoon. The runner up was comedian Kim Byung-man and his partner Lee Soo-kyung. As a reward, Krystal and Lee Dong-hoon got to showcase their skating with Kim Yuna in the All That Skate exhibition that was held in August 2011.

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 Kim Yu Na's Donations

and is continuing her effort in many ways. Her charitable contributions known to public include:

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 Kim Yu Na's Programs

Kim performing her layback spin during her exhibition to Méditation at the 2010 World Championships .
Kim performs a Y spiral in her exhibition to Only Hope at the 2008 Skate America .
Kim performs her signature layback ina bauer during her Reflection gala at the 2006 Skate Canada .
SeasonShort programFree skatingExhibition
  • Send in the Clowns
    (fromA Little Night Music)
    by Stephen Sondheim
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Adiós Nonino
    by Astor Piazzolla
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Imagine
    by John Lennon
    performed by Avril Lavigne
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • The Kiss of the Vampire
    by James Bernard
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Les Misérables
    by Claude-Michel Schönberg
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • El Tango de Roxanne
    (fromMoulin Rouge!)
    by Sting , Mariano Mores

  • Someone Like You
    by Adele
    choreo. by David Wilson

  • All of Me
    by Michael Bublé
    choreo. by David Wilson
2011–2012Did not compete this season
  • Fever
    by Beyoncé
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Giselle
    by Adolphe Adam
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Homage to Korea
    Korean folk music
    including Arirang
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Bulletproof
    by La Roux
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • James Bond Medley
    by John Barry , David Arnold , Monty Norman
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Concerto in F
    by George Gershwin
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Méditation
    (fromThaïs)
    by Jules Massenet
    choreo. by David Wilson

  • Don't Stop the Music
    by Rihanna
    choreo. by Sandra Bezic
  • Danse Macabre
    by Camille Saint-Saëns
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Scheherazade
    by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Gold
    (fromCamille Claudel)
    by Linda Eder
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Die Fledermaus
    by Johann Strauss II
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Miss Saigon
    by Claude-Michel Schönberg
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Only Hope
    (fromA Walk to Remember)
    by Mandy Moore
    choreo. by David Wilson

  • Once Upon a Dream
    (fromJekyll and Hyde)
    by Linda Eder
    choreo. by David Wilson

  • Just a Girl
    by No Doubt
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • El Tango de Roxanne
    (fromMoulin Rouge!)
    by Sting , Mariano Mores
    choreo. by Tom Dickson
  • The Lark Ascending
    by Ralph Vaughan Williams
    choreo. by David Wilson
  • Reflection
    (fromMulan)
    by Christina Aguilera
    choreo. by Brian Orser
  • El Tango de Roxanne
    (fromMoulin Rouge!)
    by Sting , Mariano Mores
    choreo. by Tom Dickson
  • Papa, Can You Hear Me?
    (fromYentl)
    by Michel Legrand
    choreo. by Jeffrey Buttle , Jadene Fullen
  • One Day I'll Fly Away
    (fromMoulin Rouge!)
    by Nicole Kidman
    choreo. by Seyeol Kim , Yuna Kim
  • Snowstorm
    by Georgy Sviridov
    choreo. by Catarina Lindgren
  • Papa, Can You Hear Me?
    (fromYentl)
    by Michel Legrand
    choreo. by Jeffrey Buttle , Jadene Fullen
  • Ben
    by Michael Jackson
    choreo. by Hyeonjeong Ji, Yuna Kim
2003–2004
  • Snowstorm
    by Georgy Sviridov
    choreo. by Catarina Lindgren
  • Carmen
    by Pablo de Sarasate
    choreo. by Catarina Lindgren
2002–2003
  • Can-can
    by Jacques Offenbach
    choreo. by Catarina Lindgren
  • Carmen
    by Pablo de Sarasate
    choreo. by Catarina Lindgren
2001–2002
  • Can-can
    by Jacques Offenbach
    choreo. by Catarina Lindgren
  • The Carnival of the Animals
    by Camille Saint-Saëns
    choreo. by Garnet

Read more

 Kim Yu Na's Competitive results

Senior resultsedit

Kim (center) on the 2010 Winter Olympics podium.
Kim (center) on the 2009 World Championships podium.
Kim (center) on the podium at the 2013 World Championships podium.
Kim (Center) on the 2009 Four Continents Championships podium.
International
Event2006–072007–082008–092009–102010–112012–132013–14
Olympics 1st
Worlds3rd3rd1st2nd2nd1st
Four Continents 1st
Grand Prix Final1st1st2nd1st
GPBompard1st 1st
GPCup of China 1st1st
GPCup of Russia 1st
GPSkate America 1st1st
GPSkate Canada3rd
Golden Spin 1st
NRW Trophy 1st
National
South Korean 1st1st
GP = Grand Prix

Junior and novice resultsedit

International
Event2001–022002–032003–042004–052005–06
Junior Worlds 2nd J.1st J.
JGP Final 2nd J.1st J.
JGP Bulgaria 1st J.
JGP China 2nd J.
JGP Hungary 1st J.
JGP Slovakia 1st J.
Golden Bear 1st N.
Triglav Trophy1st N.
National
South Korean1st J.1st S.1st S.1st S.
JGP = Junior Grand Prix
Levels: S. = Senior; J. = Junior; N. = Novice

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 Kim Yu Na's Detailed results

(Small medals for short program and free skating awarded only at World, Four Continents, and World Junior Championships.)

Senior resultsedit

Kim at the 2010 Winter Olympics medal ceremony.
Kim with her gold medal at the 2009 World Championships .
2013–2014 season
DateEventSPFSTotal
February 6–22, 2014 2014 Winter Olympics (Sochi)


January 1–5, 2014 68th South Korean National Championships1
80.60
1
147.26
1
227.86
December 5–8, 2013 2013 Golden Spin of Zagreb1
73.37
1
131.12
1
204.49
2012–2013 season
DateEventSPFSTotal
March 10–17, 2013 2013 ISU World Championships1
69.97
1
148.34
1
218.31
January 2–6, 2013 67th South Korean National Championships1
64.97
1
145.80
1
210.77
December 5–9, 2012 2012 NRW Trophy1
72.27
1
129.34
1
201.61
2010–2011 season
DateEventSPFSTotal
April 24 – May 1, 2011 2011 ISU World Championships1
65.91
2
128.59
2
194.50
2009–2010 season
DateEventSPFSTotal
March 22–28, 2010 2010 ISU World Championships7
60.30
1
130.49
2
190.79
February 14–27, 2010 2010 Winter Olympics (Vancouver)1
78.50
1
150.06
1
228.56
December 3–6, 2009 2009–2010 ISU Grand Prix Final2
65.64
1
123.22
1
188.86
November 12–15, 2009 2009 ISU Grand Prix Skate America1
76.28
2
111.70
1
187.98
October 15–18, 2009 2009 ISU Grand Prix Trophée Eric Bompard1
76.08
1
133.95
1
210.03
2008–2009 season
DateEventSPFSTotal
March 23–29, 2009 2009 ISU World Championships1
76.12
1
131.59
1
207.71
February 2–8, 2009 2009 ISU Four Continents Championships1
72.24
3
116.83
1
189.07
December 10–14, 2008 2008–2009 ISU Grand Prix Final1
65.94
2
120.41
2
186.35
November 6–9, 2008 2008 ISU Grand Prix Cup of China1
63.64
1
128.11
1
191.75
October 23–26, 2008 2008 ISU Grand Prix Skate America1
69.50
1
123.95
1
193.45
2007–2008 season
DateEventSPFSTotal
March 17–23, 2008 2008 ISU World Championships5
59.85
1
123.38
3
183.23
December 13–16, 2007 2007–2008 ISU Grand Prix Final1
64.62
2
132.21
1
196.83
November 22–25, 2007 2007 ISU Grand Prix Cup of Russia1
63.50
1
133.70
1
197.20
November 8–11, 2007 2007 ISU Grand Prix Cup of China3
58.32
1
122.36
1
180.68
2006–2007 season
DateEventSPFSTotal
March 19–25, 2007 2007 ISU World Championships1
71.95
4
114.19
3
186.14
December 14–17, 2006 2006–2007 ISU Grand Prix Final3
65.06
1
119.14
1
184.20
November 16–19, 2006 2006 ISU Grand Prix Trophée Eric Bompard1
65.22
1
119.32
1
184.54
November 2–5, 2006 2006 ISU Grand Prix Skate Canada1
62.68
4
105.80
3
168.48
  • World records highlighted inbold.
  • Season bests highlighted inItalic.

Junior and novice resultsedit

2005–2006 season
DateEventLevelQRSPFSTotal
March 6–12, 2006 2006 ISU World Junior Championships Junior1
107.52
1
60.86
1
116.68
1
177.54
January 5–8, 2006 60th South Korean National Championships Senior1
61.44
1
104.08
1
165.52
November 24–27, 2005 2005–2006 ISU Junior Grand Prix Final Junior1
57.51
1
116.61
1
174.12
September 29 – October 2, 2005 2005 ISU Junior Grand Prix, Bulgaria Junior1
53.45
1
99.98
1
153.43
September 1–4, 2005 2005 ISU Junior Grand Prix, Slovakia Junior1
58.63
1
110.20
1
168.83
2004–2005 season
DateEventLevelQRSPFSTotal
February 28 – March 6, 2005 2005 ISU World Junior Championships Junior1
102.98
6
48.67
2
110.26
2
158.93
January 1–4, 2005 59th South Korean National Championships Senior111
1.5
December 2–5, 2004 2004–2005 ISU Junior Grand Prix Final Junior2
51.27
3
86.48
2
137.75
September 16–19, 2004 2004 ISU Junior Grand Prix, China Junior4
38.87
1
92.35
2
131.22
September 1–5, 2004 2004 ISU Junior Grand Prix, Hungary Junior1
47.23
1
101.32
1
148.55
2003–2004 season
DateEventLevelQRSPFSTotal
February 2–5, 2004 58th South Korean National Championships Senior111
1.5
November 19–22, 2003 2003 Golden Bear of Zagreb Novice111
1.5
2002–2003 season
DateEventLevelQRSPFSTotal
March 8–11, 2003 57th South Korean National Championships Senior111
1.5
2001–2002 season
DateEventLevelQRSPFSTotal
April 18–21, 2002 2002 Triglav Trophy Novice111
1.5
November 20–23, 2001 56th South Korean National Championships Junior111
1.5
  • ISU season bests highlighted inItalic.
  • QR = Qualifying round

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 Kim Yu Na's References

  1. "ISU World Standings for Single & Pair Skating and Ice Dance : Ladies". International Skating Union. January 10, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  2. "Romanization of Korean". The National Institute of The Korean Language. Retrieved 2011-06-24. 
  3. "Yuna Kim: The Best is Yet to Come". International Figure Skating. December 2007. 
  4. "ISU Judging System Statistics, Progression of Highest Score, Ladies SP". International Skating Union. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  5. "ISU Judging System Statistics, Progression of Highest Score, Ladies FS". International Skating Union. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  6. "ISU Judging System Statistics, Progression of Highest Score, Ladies Total Score". International Skating Union. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  7. "Competition Results of Yu-Na KIM". International Skating Union. Retrieved March 27, 2010. 
  8. Mittan, Barry (August 11, 2008). "Firsts Keep Coming for Kim". Golden Skate. 
  9. "Naver Lab 언어변환기 한글 이름 로마자 표기" (in Korean). Naver.com. February 12, 2011. 
  10. "[단독] 김연아 이름은 3가지?...영문표기의 비밀" (in Korean). 
  11. "ISU Profile". International Skating Union. March 22, 2011. 
  12. "피겨스케이팅 김연아 선수 영세" (in Korean). 평화신문. June 1, 2008. 
  13. "School in South Sudan to Be Named After Kim Yuna". English Chosun Ilbo. June 4, 2012. 
  14. Template:뉴스 인용
  15. "김연아 "남 의식하기보단 자발적인 노력의 힘" 연습벌레 근성이 성공의 발판.김연아는 정말로 연습벌레!!" (in Korean). Newsen. May 18, 2009. 
  16. Kim, Clara (August 19, 2011). "10 Questions with Figure Skater Kim Yu-Na". Time (magazine). Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  17. Palk (October 21, 2010). "Kim Yuna: South Korea's queen of ice". CNN. 
  18. "Triglav Trophy 2002, Novice Girls Result". Slovene Skating Union. 
  19. "2003 Golden Bear, Novices Girls Result". Die eiskunstlauf-ecke. 
  20. "Skate Phenom Diagnosed With Hernia". Donga.com. January 4, 2007. 
  21. "ISU World Figure Skating Championships 2007 Tokyo (JPN) Day 4". International Skating Union. March 23, 2007. 
  22. "International Skating Union Communication No. 1469 Entries ISU Championships 2008". International Skating Union. 
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