David Icke

David Vaughan Icke

David Vaughan Icke(/k/, born 29 April 1952) is an English writer, public speaker and former professional footballer and sports broadcaster . He promotes conspiracy theories about global politics and has written extensively about them.Icke was a BBC television sports presenter and spokesman for the Green Party , when in 1990 a psychic told him that he was a healer who had been placed on Earth for a purpose, and that the spirit world was going to pass messages to him. In March 1991 he held a press conference to announce that he was a "Son of the Godhead" – a phrase he said later the media had misunderstood. He said that a subsequent appearance on BBC'sWoganchanged his life, turning him from a respected household name into a public laughing stock.He nevertheless continued to develop his ideas, and in four books published over seven years—The Robots' Rebellion(1994),And the Truth Shall Set You Free(1995),The Biggest Secret(1999), andChildren of the Matrix(2001)—he set out a worldview that combined New-Age spiritualism with a denunciation of totalitarian trends in the modern world. At the heart of his theories lies the idea that a secret group of reptilian humanoids called the Babylonian Brotherhood (including George W. Bush , Queen Elizabeth II , Kris Kristofferson and Boxcar Willie ) controls humanity, and that many prominent figures are reptilian.He further proposes that the Moon is an artificial construct—"probably a hollowed-out planetoid"—from which the reptilians broadcast an "artificial sense of self and the world" that humans mistakenly perceive as reality .Michael Barkun has described Icke's position as "New Age conspiracism", writing that he is the most fluent of the conspiracist genre. Richard Kahn and Tyson Lewis argue that the reptilian hypothesis may simply be Swiftian satire , a way of giving ordinary people a narrative with which to question what they see around them.

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 David Icke's Early life and education

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 David Icke's Reception

Defamation lawsuit[edit]

The lawsuit was settled in 2015 when Icke and others paid Warman $210,000 in damages and legal costs and agreed to "immediately cease any further distribution of Children of the Matrix and remove the defamatory material from any future editions."Warman said “This settlement exposes Icke’s argument that no one had ever sued him because his allegations were true as nothing more than a fallacy.” He added, “My reputation has been entirely vindicated. David Icke’s attacks against me were disgraceful and beyond the pale but he’s paid a heavy price for them and I trust this will never happen again.” Warman concluded by quoting from Monty Python 's filmThe Life of Brian, "He’s not the Messiah, he's a very naughty boy."



, a hoax published in Russia in 1903, which supposedly presented a plan by the Jewish people to take over the world.According to Mark Honigsbaum , Icke refers to it 25 times in theRobot's Rebellion, calling it the "Illuminati protocols."

It was published in English in 1920 byThe Dearborn Independent, Henry Ford 's newspaper, becoming mixed up with conspiracy theories about anti-Christian Illuminati, international financiers, and the Rothschilds , a Jewish banking dynasty. After it was exposed that year as a hoax byThe Timesof London, Michael Barkun writes that it disappeared from mainstream discourse until interest in it was renewed by the American far right in the 1950s.Barkun argues that Icke's reference to it is the first of a number of instances of his moving dangerously close to antisemitism .

Icke wrote toThe Guardiandenying thatThe Robots' Rebellionwas antisemitic, and rejected racism, sexism, and prejudice of any kind, but in the same letter insisted that whoever wrote theProtocols"knew the game plan" for the 20th century.Barkun argues that Icke was trying to have it both ways, offended by the allegation of antisemitism while "hinting at the dark activities of Jewish elites".

Louis Theroux cautioned in 2001 that it might not only be unfair to Icke to allege that he is associating Jews with the Global Elite, but it also lends a seriousness to ideas that would otherwise not deserve it.Icke said it was "friggin' nonsense" that his reptiles represented Jews. "There is a tribe of people interbreeding," he told Jon Ronson in 2001, "which do not,do not, relate to any Earth race ... This is not a Jewish plot. This is not a plot on the world by Jewish people".

Human rights lawyer Richard Warman , working at the time for the Canadian Green Party, took credit for much of this in Jon Ronson's documentary about Icke, which catalogued some of the cancelled appearances.

Academic views[edit]

[not in citation given]He calls Icke's work "improvisational millennialism" for its end-of-history scenario involving a final battle between good and evil. Because everything is connected in the conspiracist world view, Barkun writes, every source can be mined for links. The greater the stigma attached to an idea, the more attractive it becomes, and the vehemence with which the mainstream rejects an idea is almost a measure of its validity. For Icke, Barkun argues, the widespread ridiculing of the lizard hypothesis is a guarantee that there's something to it.

Icke regards Christian patriots as the only Americans who understand the truth about the New World Order, but he also told a Christian patriot group: "I don't know which I dislike more, the world controlled by the Brotherhood, or the one you want to replace it with."

Lewis and Kahn make use of Douglas Kellner 's distinction inMedia Spectacle(1995) between a reactionary clinical paranoia—a mindset dissociated from reality—and a progressive, critical paranoia that confronts power. They argue that Icke displays elements of both, writing that what they call his "postmodern metanarrative" may be a way of giving ordinary people a narrative structure within which to question what they see around them.

In popular fiction[edit]

The Ultimatescomic book series and the 2012 filmThe Avengers.

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 David Icke's Works


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 David Icke's See also

  • Snakes in Suits
  • Vusamazulu Credo Mutwa
  • V (franchise)

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 David Icke's Notes

  1. ^For the encounter with the psychic, see Barkun 2003, p. 103 .
    • For his appearance on the Terry Wogan show, see Ronson (Channel 4) 2001, begins 5:50 mins.
    • For "Son of the Godhead," see Icke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 190–194.
    • That it changed his life, also see Channel Five 2006, from 02:20 mins.
    • For another 1991 interview in which he says he is a son of the Godhead, seeBrittonon YouTube , accessed 1 June 2011.
  2. ^For mention of those four books, and "New Age conspiracism," see Barkun 2003, p. 103 .
    • Reptilian figures include George W. Bush , Queen Elizabeth II , Kris Kristofferson and Boxcar Willie ; see Ronson (Guardian) 2001 , and Offley 2000a .
  3. ^Icke, D.Human Race Get Off Your Knees: The Lion Sleeps No More. David Icke Books (2010), pp. 34-67. ISBN 9780955997310 (This concept is replicated and expanded upon in other publications by the same author.)
  4. ^Barkun 2003, pp. 71–72 , 98ff; for "New Age conspiracism," see p. 163.
    • Lewis and Kahn 2010, p. 73ff; for the Swift analogy, p. 83.
    • Also see Lewis and Kahn 2005 , ( courtesy link, pp. 12–15 ).
  5. ^For his background and brothers, see Icke,In the Light of Experience, p. 28.
    • For his father's medal, see "1479714 Leading Aircraftman Beric Vaughan Icke, Royal Air Force" , RAF website, taken from theLondon Gazette, 14 May 1943. The citation reads:

      "One night in March, 1943, an aircraft crashed on a Royal Air Force station and immediately burst into flames. Squadron Leader Moore (the duty medical officer) saw the accident and, accompanied by Leading Aircraftman Icke, a medical orderly, proceeded to the scene. Squadron Leader Moore directed the removal of the rear gunner, who was dazed and sitting amongst the burning wreckage, to a place of safety. The aircraft was now enveloped in flames and ammunition was exploding. Nevertheless, despite the intense heat and the danger from exploding oxygen bottles this officer and airman entered the burning wreckage in an attempt to rescue another member of the crew who was pinned down. Without any protective clothing they lifted aside the burning wreckage and, with great difficulty, succeeded in extricating the injured man. Squadron Leader Moore rendered first aid to the rescued man. Squadron Leader Moore sustained burns to his chest and hands in carrying out the operation. This officer and airman both displayed courage and devotion to duty in keeping with the highest traditions of the Royal Air Force.

      "Acting Squadron Leader Frederick Thomas Moore, B.S., F.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. (23417), Reserve of Air Force Officers was awarded the MBE for his part in this action."

  6. ^Icke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 29, 33.
    • Also see Icke,Tales from the Time Loop, pp. 2–3.
  7. ^abIcke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 36, 38.
    • Also see Icke,Tales from the Time Loop, pp. 2–3.
  8. ^David Icke Coventry City
  9. ^Icke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 44, 46, 54, 58, 60–70.
  10. ^abIcke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 61–66, 82, 96.
  11. ^Icke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 72, 75–83.
  12. ^Icke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 83–95.
  13. ^"David Icke filmography" .BFI. Retrieved20 September2014. 
  14. ^Icke,Tales from the Time Loopp. 4.
  15. ^Guardian, 14 November 1990.
    • For the BBC not renewing the contract in August 1990, see Kennedy (Guardian) 1991.
  16. ^"Grossman (Institute for Social Ecology) 1991" .Institute for Social Ecology. Retrieved20 September2014. 
  17. ^abcTaylor 1997.
    • For the daughter, see Icke,In the Light of Experience, pp. 221–223.
  18. ^For the animal rights debate, seeIcke 1989on YouTube , accessed 12 December 2010.
    • For the ads, seeWeekend Guardian, 22–23 September 1990.
  19. ^IckeDays of Decision, p. 19.
  20. ^"The 10 worst decisions in the history of sport" .Observer Sport Monthly(London). 12 January 2003. 
  21. ^"David Icke Biography 1". Retrieved20 September2014. 
  22. ^Icke,Tales from the Time Loop, pp. 12–13, 16.
    • Also see Barkun 2003, p. 103 .
  23. ^Kennedy (Guardian) 1991.
  24. ^For "Son of the Godhead," see Icke,In the Light of Experience, p. 190, and for the "Infinite Mind," see p. 208.
  25. ^Ezard (Guardian) 1991.
    • For the death of his father, see Icke,In the Light of Experience, p. 188; for the press conference, see p. 193.
  26. ^Icke,In the Light of Experience, p. 193.
  27. ^abJon Ronson. "Ronson (Guardian) 2001, part 1" .the Guardian. Retrieved20 September2014. 
  28. ^"BBC 1",The Times, 29 April 1991, p. 19.
  29. ^David Icke on Wogan, 29 April 1991, in"Still crazy after all these years"on YouTube , at 4 mins, 11 secs, accessed 30 March 2011.
  30. ^Christy 1991.
  31. ^"Prophet with a cauliflower ear", Nancy Banks-Smith,The Guardian, 1 May 1991, p. 36.
  32. ^Channel Five 2006, from 02:20 mins.
  33. ^"Icke taunted",The Times, 27 May 1991, p. 7.
  34. ^"David Icke on Twitter: "https://t.co/uYxZLusyFC". Retrieved31 January2016. External link in|title=( help )
  35. ^Icke,Tales from the Time Loop, pp. 14, 17; Channel Five 2006.
  36. ^abFor the details of his lecture tours, website numbers, countries lectured in, see Channel Five 2006.
    • For the reprintings and South Africa reference, see Lewis and Kahn 2010, p. 75; also see Lewis and Kahn 2005 , ( courtesy link , pp. 3–5).
  37. ^Lewis and Kahn 2010, p. 75.
  38. ^Paul Evans "Interview: David Icke" ,New Statesman, 3 March 2008
  39. ^VoteWise at the Wayback Machine (archived February 13, 2012), accessed 12 December 2010.
    • Naughton (Times) 2008 .
  40. ^For law of attraction/magnetic energy and satanic involvement, see Icke,Children of the Matrix, p. 291ff, andThe Biggest Secret, pp. 30–40.
    • For other possible worlds/frequencies, see Icke,The Biggest Secret, pp. 26–27.
    • For changing DNA, see Icke,Infinite Love is the Only Truth, pp. 78–84, 148.
  41. ^abBarkun 2003, p. 104 .
    • For the "odd and ill-matched," see Simms 2002, p. 33.
    • For the names, see Ronson (Guardian) 2001 ; Offley 2000a , and Icke, March 2000 at the Wayback Machine (archived March 1, 2000) ( archived ).
    • For the ideas, see Icke,The Biggest Secret, pp. 1–2;And the Truth Shall Set You Free, p. 8;Children of the Matrix, pp. 19, 79, 251, 368.
  42. ^Icke,Children of the Matrix, p. 339.
    • Lewis and Kahn 2005 , ( courtesy link , p. 11).
    • For the London School of Economics, see Icke,Human Race Get off Your Knees, pp. 134, 646; and Kay 2011, p. 180.
  43. ^http://www.davidicke.com/headlines/heres-proof-climate-change-cultists-have-been-scamming-americans-for-decades/
  44. ^Barkun 2003, p. 105 .
  45. ^Icke,The Biggest Secret, pp. 19–25.
  46. ^abcBarkun 2003, p. 106 .
  47. ^Lewis and Kahn 2010, p. 81.
  48. ^Icke,The Biggest Secret, pp. 30–38, 40.
    • Icke, "Mono-Atomic Gold" , Bibliotecapleyades.net, accessed 12 December 2010.
    • Lewis and Kahn 2005 , ( courtesy link , pp. 8–9).
  49. ^Lewis and Kahn 2010, p. 82.
  50. ^Icke,The Biggest Secret, pp. 40–45.
  51. ^Icke,Children of the Matrix, pp. 19, 79, 251.
    • Lewis and Kahn 2005 , ( courtesy link , pp. 9–10).
  52. ^Icke,The Biggest Secret, pp. 26–27.
  53. ^Kay 2011, pp. 72, 179–180.
    • For Icke's views, seeAlice in Wonderland and the World Trade Center Disaster, 2002, e.g. pp. 154, 205.
  54. ^Icke,News for the Soul, accessed 12 December 2010.
  55. ^abIcke,Infinite Love is the Only Truth, pp. 78–84, 148; also see Channel Five 2006.
  56. ^Icke,Human Race Get Off Your Knees, 2010, pp. 618, 627, 632.
  57. ^Court File No
  58. ^“Civil Rights Group Lauds Attorney General for new Legal Protection for Libraries,” http://www.bccla.org/pressreleases/04libelandslander.htm .
  59. ^ab"DAVID ICKE SETTLES LIBEL ACTION".http://www.richardwarman.ca/. March 5, 2015. External link in|work=( help );
  60. ^Ronson (Channel 4) 2001, 06:12 mins.
  61. ^abcBarkun 2003, pp. 49–50 .
    • Ronson (Guardian) 2001 .
    • The Protocols of the Elders of Zionwas written around 1897, probably under the direction of the Russian secret police in Paris, and purports to be transcripts of 24 addresses given to a group of Jewish elders. See United States Holocaust Memorial Museum , and the museum's timeline .

      It was exposed as a hoax in 1920 byThe Timesof London, which wrote that it was a work of plagiarism derived from two sources:The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu (1864)by a French satirist, Maurice Joly , which had nothing to do with Jews; andBiarritz(1868), an antisemitic novel by a German writer, Hermann Goedsche . See Barkun 2003, pp. 48–50 .

    • For more background, see Kay (National Post) 2011 .Cite error: Invalid<ref>tag; name "Barkun49" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page ).
  62. ^ab"Honigsbaum (Evening Standard) 1995" . Archived from the original on 28 April 1999. Retrieved20 September2014. 
  63. ^Barkun 2003, p. 104 .
    • For more on this, see Simms 2002, p. 33ff .
  64. ^"Independent1994" .The Independent. Retrieved20 September2014. 
  65. ^Icke (Guardian) 1994.
  66. ^Barkun 2003, p. 144 .
    • Icke writes: "I strongly believe that a small Jewish clique which has contempt for the mass of Jewish people worked with non-Jews to create the First World War, the Russian Revolution, and the Second World War. This Jewish/non-Jewish Elite used the First World War to secure the Balfour Declaration and the principle of the Jewish State of Israel in Palestine (for which, given the genetic history of most Jewish people, there is absolutely no justification on historical grounds or any other). They then dominated the Versailles Peace Conference and created the circumstances which made the Second World War inevitable. They financed Hitler to power in 1933 and made the funds available for his rearmament. SeeAnd the Truth Shall Set You Free, pp. 120–121, cited in Offley 2000a .
  67. ^Taylor 1997.
    • See Icke, "Master races" , chapter seven,And the Truth Shall Set You Free.
  68. ^Louis Theroux. "Theroux 2001" .the Guardian. Retrieved20 September2014. 
  69. ^Ronson (Channel 4) 2001, from 4:26 mins.
  70. ^Jon Ronson. "Ronson (Guardian) 2001" .the Guardian. Retrieved20 September2014. 
  71. ^Cowley (Independent on Sunday) 2000 .
  72. ^Ronson (Channel 4) 2001. Warman appears at 0:21 mins.
    • Also see Gillis 2008 , pp. 4–5.
    • Icke,Children of the Matrix, p. 412.
  73. ^For comparison with Alex Jones, and for the view that Icke is the most fluent of the genre, see Barkun 2003, p. 98ff , 163.
    • For "professional conspiracy theorist," see Barkun 2011, pp. 71–72 .
  74. ^Barkun 2003, pp. 106–108 .
  75. ^Barkun 2003, p. 108 .
  76. ^Barkun 2003, p. 107 .
  77. ^Icke,Children of the Matrix, pp. 423–424.
    • Lewis and Kahn 2005 , ( courtesy link , pp. 12–14).
    • Lewis and Kahn 2010, p. 75.
  78. ^Lewis and Kahn 2010, p. 88ff.
    • Lewis and Kahn 2005 , ( courtesy link , p. 15).
  79. ^Godfrey, Alex (August 8, 2013). "Kick-Ass 2: Mark Millar's superhero powers" .The Guardian. RetrievedAugust 8,2013. 

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 David Icke's References

Books and papers
  • Barkun, Michael. A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. University of California, 2003.
  • Barkun, Michael. Chasing Phantoms: Reality, Imagination, and Homeland Security Since 9/11. The University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
  • Icke, David. It's a tough game, son!. Piccolo Books, 1983.
  • Icke, David. In the Light of Experience, Warner Books, 1993.
  • Icke, David. Days of Decision. Jon Carpenter Publishing, 1993.
  • Icke, David. And the Truth Shall Set You Free. David Icke Books, 1995.
  • Icke, David. The Biggest Secret: The Book that Will Change the World. David Icke Books, Updated 2nd edition (January 1, 1999), ISBN 978-0952614760, OCLC 862664464.
  • Icke, David. Alice in Wonderland and the World Trade Center Disaster, Bridge of Love Publications, 2002.
  • Icke, David. Tales from the Time Loop. David Icke Books, 2003.
  • Icke, David. Infinite Love is the Only Truth. Bridge of Love Publications, 2005.
  • Icke, David. The David Icke Guide to the Global Conspiracy. David Icke Books, 2007.
  • Icke, David. Human Race Get Off Your Knees: The Lion Sleeps No More. David Icke Books, 2010.
  • Kay, Jonathan. Among the Truthers: A Journey Through America's Growing Conspiracist Underground. HarperCollins, 2011.
  • Lewis, Tyson and Kahn, Richard. "The Reptoid Hypothesis: Utopian and Dystopian Representational Motifs in David Icke's Alien Conspiracy Theory", Utopian Studies, Vol. 16, 2005 (courtesy link).
  • Lewis, Tyson E., and Kahn, Richard. "The Tail Behind the Tale: Toward a Reptoid History," Education Out of Bounds: Reimagining Cultural Studies for a Posthuman Age. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
  • Simms, Norman. "Anti-Semitism: A Psychopathological Disease", in Piven, Jerry S. et al. (eds.). Judaism and Genocide: Psychological Undercurrents of History, Volume 4. Writers Club Press, 2002.
News and other articles

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 David Icke's Further reading

  • Banyan, Will. "The Big Picture" A review ofAlice in Wonderland and the World Trade Center Disasterat the Wayback Machine (archived July 15, 2011) (pdf),Paranoia Magazine, October 2003.
  • Kay, Jonathan . "When paranoia goes intergalactic" ,The National Post, 12 May 2011.
  • Offley, Will. "David Icke And The Politics Of Madness: Where The New Age Meets The Third Reich" , Political Research Associates, 29 February 2000.
  • Shermer, Michael . "Illuminati, The New World Order & Paranoid Conspiracy Theorists (PCTs)" ,The Skeptic's Dictionary, 2006.
  • Shermer, Michael.Why People Believe Weird Things: Pseudoscience, Superstition, and Other Confusions of Our Time. Mjf Books, 1997.
  • Ventura, Jessie .Conspiracy Theory: The Reptilian Agenda, 2012.

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