Washington Allston

Washington Allston(November 5, 1779 – July 9, 1843) was an American painter and poet , born in Waccamaw Parish , South Carolina . Allston pioneered America's Romantic movement of landscape painting. He was well known during his lifetime for his experiments with dramatic subject matter and his bold use of light and atmospheric color.

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 Washington Allston's Biography

Allston painted by Gilbert Stuart , ca. 1818. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Moore remarried to Dr. Henry C. Flagg, the son of a wealthy shipping merchant from Newport, Rhode Island .

He was admitted to the Royal Academy in London in September, when painter Benjamin West was then the president.

Landscape with Lake (1804)
Italian Landscape
Elijah in the Desert, 1818, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

and Coleridge , his lifelong friend. In 1809, Allston married Ann Channing, sister of William Ellery Channing .Samuel F. B. Morse was one of Allston's art pupils and accompanied Allston to Europe in 1811. After traveling throughout western Europe, Allston finally settled in London, where he won fame and prizes for his pictures.

His wife died in February 1815, leaving him saddened, lonely, and homesick for America.

He was the uncle of the artists George Whiting Flagg and Jared Bradley Flagg , both of whom studied painting under him.

a romance illustrating Italian life, and in 1850, a volume of hisLectures on Art, and Poems.

Allston died on July 9, 1843, at age 63. Allston is buried in Harvard Square , in "the Old Burying Ground" between the First Parish Church and Christ Church .

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 Washington Allston's Recognition

The Poets and Poetry of Americato Allston in 1842.Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow , 17 years after Allston's death, wrote that: "One man may sweeten a whole time. I never pass through Cambridge Port without thinking of Allston. His memory is the quince in the drawer and perfumes the atmosphere."

Washington Allston was the first to use (apparently) the termObjective Correlativein 1840 which subsequently revived and made famous by T.S Eliot in essay on Hamlet (1919). The term denotes a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion;such that when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked.

The west Boston, Massachusetts neighborhood of Allston is named after him.

Florimell's Flight, 1819

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 Washington Allston's Gallery

Allston was buried in the Dana family plot in the Old Burying Ground.

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 Washington Allston's References

  1. Hubbell, Jay B. The South in American Literature: 1607-1900. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1954: 274.
  2. Hubbell, Jay B. The South in American Literature: 1607-1900. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1954: 275.
  3. Planters, Pirates & Patriots: Historical Tales from the South Carolina Grand Strand, Rod Graff, Pelican Publishing, 2006
  4. Hubbell, Jay B. The South in American Literature: 1607-1900. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1954: 276.
  5. Burstein, Andrew. The Original Knickerbocker: The Life of Washington Irving. Basic Books, 2007:43. ISBN 978-0-465-00853-7
  6. Hubbell, Jay B. The South in American Literature: 1607-1900. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1954: 277.
  7. Hubbell, Jay B. The South in American Literature: 1607-1900. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1954: 278.
  8. "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  9. Swan, Mabel Munson The Athenæum Gallery 1827-1873: The Boston Athenæum as an Early Patron of Art (Boston: The Boston Athenæum, 1940)pp44-61
  10. Flagg, Jared Bradley The Life and Letters of Washington Allston (New York: Charles Scribner, 1892)
  11. Ware's Lectures on the Works and Genius of Washington Allston (Boston, 1852) and Artist Biographies, Allston (1879).
  12. Vetter, H.F. "Poets of Cambridge, USA". Harvard Square Library (2006). Retrieved 2007-06-12. 
  13. *Pattee, Fred Lewis (1966). The First Century of American Literature: 1770–1870. New York: Cooper Square Publishers. p. 279. 
  14. Wright, Nathalia. The Correspondence of Washington Allston, Published by University Press of Kentucky, 1993, ISBN 0-8131-1708-9
  15. "Allston's Elijah in the Desert". Smarthistory at Khan Academy. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 

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 Washington Allston's Sources

  • Corcoran Gallery of Art , Washington, DC [1]

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 Washington Allston's Further reading

  • Allston, Washington,Lectures on Art and Poems, 1850 (facsimile ed., withMonaldi, 1841, 1967, Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, ISBN 978-0-8201-1001-1 ).

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